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A case with scalp pruritus caused by dermanysus gallinae (Order: Mesostigmata)

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dc.contributor.author Şengül, M.
dc.contributor.author Kaçar, N.
dc.contributor.author Karaca, M.
dc.contributor.author Öner, S.Z.
dc.contributor.author Ergin, C.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-16T12:57:35Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-16T12:57:35Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.issn 03749096 (ISSN)
dc.identifier.uri http://acikerisim.pau.edu.tr:8080/xmlui/handle/11499/8975
dc.description.abstract Dermanyssus gallinae is one of the important hematophagous ectoparasite species of poultry like chicken, pigeon and wild bird species. These ectoparasites in the form of nymphs or adults who can not find their hosts are also seen in mammals and even in humans. For this reason, they are considered as important for public health. The ectoparasite causes a clinical condition named gamasoidosis among pet owners and people who live or work close to animal shelters, barns and chicken farms. Pruritus dermatitis is also caused by D.gallinae in humans and can cause false diagnosis. In this report, a case of D.gallinae which leads to severe itch in the hairy head skin was presented. A 66-year-old female patient admitted to University Hospital with complaints of "bugs in her hair and itching of the skin increasing in the evenings" that have persisted for a month. In the dermatological examination of the patient, it was noted that her hair and scalp were usual. Routine laboratory tests were normal. However, a large number of mites were found in her headscarf that she brought with her to the examination. Later, it was learned that the patient feeds chicken in her garden in the village where she lives. The collected mite samples were were kept in glass test tubes that contained glycerol and alcohol. The mites were identified as D.gallinae by morphological identification with light microscopy by using 1 Ox, 20x and 40x magnifications. The mites were described as D.gallinae (Order: Mesostigmata, local name: poultry red mite, perch mite, poultry mite) with the morphological examination. Long-acting 1 % permethrin shampoo was applied to remove the mites on the patient and during the controls, it was changed as 5% permethrin and 10% crotamiton lotion. For environmental sanitation, carbamates (such as carbolineum, trichlorfon, malathion, tetrachlorvinphos, etc.), organo'phosphates and acaricide insecticides with pyrethroids spraying or powder formulations were recommended. It was recommended to repair the slits and cracks where the parasite in the shelter could be stored. The patient was informed on (i) how to clean the household items with susceptible acaricides, (ii) removal of unused infected animal shelters, cages and nests from human habitat, (iii) raising of ambient temperature above 45°C, (iv) ventilation of the living spaces and (v) washing the clothes with detergent. In order to be effectively protected from the risk of infection and the detriments that are brought by this parasite, it is imperative to stay away from the hosts and the infected areas such as chicken farms, to obey the hygiene regulations, and to properly conduct the disinfestation of the shelters. In addition, it is also helpful to receive a true story from the patient, with details of contact with birds for the protection and treatment.
dc.language.iso Turkish
dc.publisher Ankara Microbiology Society
dc.relation.isversionof 10.5578/mb.57351
dc.subject Dermanyssus gallinae
dc.subject Human
dc.subject Infestation
dc.subject aged
dc.subject animal
dc.subject bird disease
dc.subject case report
dc.subject chicken
dc.subject classification
dc.subject female
dc.subject human
dc.subject mite
dc.subject mite infestation
dc.subject parasitology
dc.subject pruritus
dc.subject skin disease
dc.subject transmission
dc.subject Aged
dc.subject Animals
dc.subject Chickens
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Mite Infestations
dc.subject Mites
dc.subject Poultry Diseases
dc.subject Pruritus
dc.subject Scalp Dermatoses
dc.title A case with scalp pruritus caused by dermanysus gallinae (Order: Mesostigmata)
dc.type Article
dc.relation.journal Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni
dc.identifier.volume 51
dc.identifier.issue 3
dc.identifier.startpage 293
dc.identifier.endpage 298
dc.identifier.index Scopus


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