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An ancient anatomic variation: Bilateral elongated styloid process of cranium

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dc.contributor.author Bulent Ozdemir, M.
dc.contributor.author Okunak, M.
dc.contributor.author Koseler, A.
dc.contributor.author Simsek, C.
dc.contributor.author Atalay, E.
dc.contributor.author Yonguc, G.N.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-16T12:34:35Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-16T12:34:35Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.issn 11226714 (ISSN)
dc.identifier.uri http://acikerisim.pau.edu.tr:8080/xmlui/handle/11499/8032
dc.description.abstract The elongated stylohyoid process presents with considerable anatomic variability. We report here on an ancient cranium with bilateral elongated styloid process, 3.3 cm on the right side and 5.1 cm on the left side, found during the examination of excavated bones of 2000 years ago (first half of 1st century AD) from the old Greek-Roman city-of Leodikya in Turkey. We determined the gender as female, from the examination of the skeleton (especially skull and pelvic bones). No other variation was observed. On the basis of embryology, the reason for this variation may be partial ossification of the second pharyngeal arch cartilage in the region which commonly becomes the stylohyoid ligament. Although elongation of the styloid process is common, it is important to report this ancient variation, in order to help to compare the bone variations between ancient and modern humans and the contribution of genetic and environmental determinants. © 2013 Firenze University Press.
dc.language.iso English
dc.subject Archaeology
dc.subject Human
dc.subject Palethnology
dc.subject Reichert's cartilage
dc.subject Second pharyngeal arch
dc.subject Stylohyoid process
dc.subject anatomical variation
dc.subject branchial arch
dc.subject female
dc.subject heterotopic ossification
dc.subject history
dc.subject human
dc.subject ligament
dc.subject paleopathology
dc.subject pathology
dc.subject procedures
dc.subject temporal bone
dc.subject Turkey
dc.subject Anatomic Variation
dc.subject Branchial Region
dc.subject Female
dc.subject History, Ancient
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Ligaments
dc.subject Ossification, Heterotopic
dc.subject Paleopathology
dc.subject Temporal Bone
dc.title An ancient anatomic variation: Bilateral elongated styloid process of cranium
dc.type Article
dc.relation.journal Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology
dc.identifier.volume 118
dc.identifier.issue 2
dc.identifier.startpage 184
dc.identifier.endpage 188
dc.identifier.index Scopus


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