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A review on solar-hydrogen/fuel cell hybrid energy systems for stationary applications

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dc.contributor.author Yilanci, A.
dc.contributor.author Dincer, I.
dc.contributor.author Ozturk, H.K.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-16T12:11:04Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-16T12:11:04Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.issn 03601285 (ISSN)
dc.identifier.uri http://acikerisim.pau.edu.tr:8080/xmlui/handle/11499/6794
dc.description.abstract There are several methods for producing hydrogen from solar energy. Currently, the most widely used solar hydrogen production method is to obtain hydrogen by electrolyzing the water at low temperature. In this study, solar hydrogen production methods, and their current status, are assessed. Solar-hydrogen/fuel cell hybrid energy systems for stationary applications, up to the present day are also discussed, and preliminary energy and exergy efficiency analyses are performed for a photovoltaic-hydrogen/fuel cell hybrid energy system in Denizli, Turkey. Three different energy demand paths - from photovoltaic panels to the consumer - are considered. Minimum and maximum overall energy and exergy efficiencies of the system are calculated based on these paths. It is found that the overall energy efficiency values of the system vary between 0.88% and 9.7%, while minimum and maximum overall exergy efficiency values of the system are between 0.77% and 9.3% as a result of selecting various energy paths. More importantly, the hydrogen path appears to be the least efficient one due to the addition of the electrolyzer, the fuel cells and the second inverter for hydrogen production and utilization. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
dc.language.iso English
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1016/j.pecs.2008.07.004
dc.subject Efficiency
dc.subject Energy
dc.subject Exergy
dc.subject Photovoltaics
dc.subject Solar-hydrogen
dc.subject Current status
dc.subject Electrolyzer
dc.subject Energy and exergy efficiencies
dc.subject Energy demands
dc.subject Energy paths
dc.subject Exergy efficiencies
dc.subject Hybrid energy systems
dc.subject Low temperatures
dc.subject Overall energy efficiencies
dc.subject Photo voltaic panels
dc.subject Solar hydrogen productions
dc.subject Stationary applications
dc.subject Electrolytic cells
dc.subject Energy efficiency
dc.subject Energy management
dc.subject Fuel cells
dc.subject Gas producers
dc.subject Hybrid systems
dc.subject Hydrogen production
dc.subject Low temperature production
dc.subject Nonmetals
dc.subject Photovoltaic effects
dc.subject Reaction kinetics
dc.subject Semiconducting films
dc.subject Solar energy
dc.subject Solar system
dc.subject Solar power generation
dc.title A review on solar-hydrogen/fuel cell hybrid energy systems for stationary applications
dc.type Review
dc.relation.journal Progress in Energy and Combustion Science
dc.identifier.volume 35
dc.identifier.issue 3
dc.identifier.startpage 231
dc.identifier.endpage 244
dc.identifier.index Scopus


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