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Comparison of ultrasonographic and anthropometric methods to assess body fat in childhood obesity

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dc.contributor.author Semiz, Serap
dc.contributor.author Özgören, Erçin
dc.contributor.author Sabir, Nuran A.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-16T11:33:33Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-16T11:33:33Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.issn 0307-0565
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/11499/4348
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803414
dc.description.abstract Background: Pattern of fat distribution rather than obesity is of importance for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The accurate measurement of total and regional fat mass requires sophisticated and often expensive methods that have limited applicability in the clinical setting. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate body fat distributions by ultrasound (US) as a gold standard method for measuring visceral, preperitoneal and subcutaneous fat layers and comparing with anthropometric results, and then to find the most reliable anthropometric measurement in childhood obesity. Materials and methods: Study group of 51 obese children (21 F, 30 M) (mean age±s.d.: 11.5±2.6 years) and control group of 33 non-obese children (17 F, 16 M) (mean age±s.d.: 12.2±2.7 years) were recruited for this study. Anthropometric measurements as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist/hip ratio (WHR), triceps and subscapular skinfold thicknesses were taken from all the participants. Abdominal preperitoneal (P), subcutaneous (S) fat at their maximum (max) and minimum (min) thickness sites, visceral (V), triceps (TrUS) and subscapular (SsUS) fat thicknesses were also measured ultrasonographically. Results: In the obese group, BMI was significantly correlated with US measurements of fat thicknesses, except Pmin and SsUS, whereas in the control group, BMI was significantly correlated with all US fat measurements. The relation of US measurements with skinfold thickness and WC was more significant in the control than in the obese group. No relation between WHR and US fat thickness measurements was found in both groups. Multiple regression analysis, using V as the dependent variable and anthropometric parameters, gender and the group as the independent variables, revealed BMI was the best single predictor of V (R2: 0.53). Conclusion: This study suggests that the validity of the anthropometric skinfold thickness in the obese children is low. Despite the limitations reported in the literature, in our study, BMI provides the best estimate of body fat. WHR in children and adolescents is not a good index to show intra-abdominal fat deposition. © 2007 Nature Publishing Group All rights reserved. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal of Obesity en_US
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess en_US
dc.subject Anthropometry en_US
dc.subject Body fat distribution en_US
dc.subject Childhood obesity en_US
dc.subject Ultrasound en_US
dc.subject age distribution en_US
dc.subject anthropometry en_US
dc.subject article en_US
dc.subject body fat en_US
dc.subject body fat distribution en_US
dc.subject body mass en_US
dc.subject childhood en_US
dc.subject controlled study en_US
dc.subject correlation analysis en_US
dc.subject echography en_US
dc.subject female en_US
dc.subject human en_US
dc.subject intermethod comparison en_US
dc.subject major clinical study en_US
dc.subject male en_US
dc.subject multiple regression en_US
dc.subject obesity en_US
dc.subject prediction en_US
dc.subject priority journal en_US
dc.subject school child en_US
dc.subject sex ratio en_US
dc.subject skinfold thickness en_US
dc.subject statistical significance en_US
dc.subject subcutaneous fat en_US
dc.subject triceps brachii muscle en_US
dc.subject waist circumference en_US
dc.subject waist hip ratio en_US
dc.subject Adipose Tissue en_US
dc.subject Body Mass Index en_US
dc.subject Body Size en_US
dc.subject Child en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Muscle, Skeletal en_US
dc.subject Obesity en_US
dc.subject Sex Factors en_US
dc.subject Skinfold Thickness en_US
dc.subject Waist-Hip Ratio en_US
dc.title Comparison of ultrasonographic and anthropometric methods to assess body fat in childhood obesity en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.volume 31 en_US
dc.identifier.issue 1 en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 53
dc.identifier.startpage 53 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 58 en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/sj.ijo.0803414
dc.relation.publicationcategory Makale - Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi - Kurum Öğretim Elemanı en_US
dc.identifier.pmid 16788571 en_US
dc.identifier.scopus 2-s2.0-33845753076 en_US
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000242934100007 en_US

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