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Prevalence of HPV Genotypes in South Europe: Comparisons between an Italian and a Turkish Unvaccinated Population

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dc.contributor.author Schettino, M.T.
dc.contributor.author De Franciscis, P.
dc.contributor.author Schiattarella, A.
dc.contributor.author La Manna, V.
dc.contributor.author Della Gala, A.
dc.contributor.author Caprio, F.
dc.contributor.author Tammaro, C.
dc.contributor.author Ammaturo, F.P.
dc.contributor.author Güler, Tolga
dc.contributor.author Yenigün, Ezgi Hancı
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-08T12:13:24Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-08T12:13:24Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.issn 16879805 (ISSN)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11499/30448
dc.description.abstract The human papilloma virus (HPV) is a DNA virus associated with benign and malignant lesions of skin and mucous membranes and is the most common sexually transmitted viral infection worldwide. We investigated the prevalence of HPV infection and associated risk factors in Italian and Turkish women population attending the gynecology outpatients clinic in Naples (Italy) and Pamukkale (Turkey). Women were enrolled from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" in Naples (Italy) and of "Pamukkale University" in Denizli (Turkey) between January 2014 and June 2015. A questionnaire that included sociodemographic and sexual behavior characteristics, questions about HPV awareness, vaccine status, and reasons for not wanting to get vaccinated, and HPV-related knowledge was completed for each participant, and cervical cytology samples were collected. The prevalence of HPV infection was higher in the Italian group (52.6% vs 32.6%, p<0.001), while the distribution of genotypes is similar (p=0.325). Moreover, the differences in cytological alterations in these patients are significant (p<0.001). The analysis showed a higher prevalence of sexual behavioral characteristics (p<0.001) and better attention to the execution of the screening test in the Italian population (p<0.001). Italian women showed more knowledge and propensity to vaccination compared to Turkish women (p<0.001). Our data highlighted three relevant aspects: the different prevalence of cytological abnormalities, the different distribution of risk factors and, above all, the different attitude of women towards the primary prevention of cervical cancer between an Italian and a Turkish population group. © 2019 Maria Teresa Schettino et al.
dc.language.iso English
dc.publisher Hindawi Limited
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1155/2019/8769735
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject oral contraceptive agent
dc.subject virus DNA
dc.subject adult
dc.subject aged
dc.subject Article
dc.subject attitude to health
dc.subject cancer screening
dc.subject cohort analysis
dc.subject colposcopy
dc.subject educational status
dc.subject female
dc.subject genotype
dc.subject high risk patient
dc.subject human
dc.subject Italian (citizen)
dc.subject Italy
dc.subject major clinical study
dc.subject papillomavirus infection
dc.subject population
dc.subject prevalence
dc.subject retrospective study
dc.subject risk factor
dc.subject sexual behavior
dc.subject sexually transmitted disease
dc.subject Turk (people)
dc.subject Turkey (republic)
dc.subject uterine cervix cancer
dc.subject uterine cervix cytology
dc.subject vaccination
dc.subject Wart virus
dc.subject comparative study
dc.subject genetics
dc.subject immunology
dc.subject middle aged
dc.subject Papillomaviridae
dc.subject pathology
dc.subject psychology
dc.subject turkey (bird)
dc.subject uterine cervix tumor
dc.subject virology
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject DNA, Viral
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Genotype
dc.subject Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.subject Papillomavirus Infections
dc.subject Prevalence
dc.subject Risk Factors
dc.subject Turkey
dc.subject Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
dc.subject Vaccination
dc.title Prevalence of HPV Genotypes in South Europe: Comparisons between an Italian and a Turkish Unvaccinated Population
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.authorID 0000-0003-1953-9869
dc.identifier.volume 2019
dc.relation.publicationCategory Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi
dc.identifier.index Scopus
dc.identifier.index WOS
dc.identifier.index PubMed

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